Teaching Acting: the Silent Encounter, Silence and Making It Real

Making it genuine is important.
Making it genuine is important.
Making it genuine is important.

When teaching acting to high school and college students one of the things you are trying to get them to do is to make their performance real in terms of it being genuine and believable. This is not an easy thing to do as too often those who are training to be actors are more interested in performing, being funny, and creating a big moment on stage. One way to help actors understand and discover the power of staying in the moment and making their acting real is through the Silent Encounter. Here’s how it works.

Silent Acting Encounter Set Up

The silent acting encounter involves two or three actors with each playing a character that they have been given by the acting teacher or the class. Each actor in a scene is given three basic character elements which are described by answering the following questions:

  1. Who am I?
  2. What just happened?
  3. What do I want?
The encounter must play out.
The encounter must play out.

The “who am I” can be described by a job, relationship, or types. You might be a mechanic, banker, football player, etc. The “what just happened” question is answered by giving the character a situation that just occurred such as “I lost my wallet,” “my spouse just died,” or “I was told I have a week to live.” The “what do I want” is what we call the characters objective and it has to be expressed in an active manner. Examples include, “I want to feel safe,” “I want to die,” “I want to feel secure.”

To give actors a specific character you would answer the three questions, putting the elements on an index card. Thus a card might read, “Cab driver, found a million dollars, to hide it.” Another card might read, “Police officer, lost my partner in a shootout, to be comforted.” You need 20 to 30 of these for a class.

The Exercise

Two actors blindly pick index cards that contain their characters. They go off to opposite sides of the room, read their cards, and prep their characters quickly without discussing any aspect of their character with their scene partner. Usually a fairly neutral set such as a park bench works well for silent encounters.

The actors enter into the neutral setting as their character whenever they are ready and they then interact with the environment. They must:

  • Not speak, these are silent
  • Not mime
  • Interact in an appropriate manner with their scene partner
  • Keep their character real
  • Play each moment genuinely (no over acting, mugging, etc.)
  • Leave the environment when their character would
  • Not worry about “performing.”


Discussion is essential.
Discussion is essential.

After each scene is over you should discuss the scene in terms of when it was real, when it was not genuine, what the class understood about each character (who they were, what just happened and what they wanted) and what the outcome of the scene was. Have the class talk about what they saw and the actors eventually discuss the scene and how it played out. Ask them if they were able to stay in the moment occasionally, a lot, or rarely and what that was like. Finally, talk about what they learned and then go on to the next scene.

  • This Author:

    Paul Mroczka

    Paul Mroczka has served Theatre By the Sea as associate director and playwright-in-residence. He has directed for companies including North Country Center for the Arts, Pontine Movement Theatre, The Theatre of Newburyport and the Palace Theatre. A former National Endowment for the Arts fellow in playwriting, he has also garnered a Shubert Fellowship, the Jason Miller Award and has received grants from the New Hampshire Council for the Humanities. His plays have been performed at New York’s La MaMa La Galleria, Nat Horne Theatre, and Manhattan Punchline Theatre, among others. His interactive planetarium show, Pathfinders, is running at the Christa McAuliffe Planetarium in Concord, NH. Recent directorial assignments include Good People, Steel Magnolias, and The Complete World of Sports (Abridged) at The Barnstormers Playhouse in New Hampshire, and Rumors, Orpheus in the Underworld, and The Glass Menagerie at PSU. This summer Paul finished an initial draft of his new play, Smart Money ... Read Full
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